Tosh Warwick – Cities Revisited: Heritage, History and Regeneration of the ‘Infant Hercules’

Tosh Warwick (Tees Transporter Bridge / University of Huddersfield) In 1862 Middlesbrough was heralded by future Liberal Prime Minister William Gladstone as a ‘remarkable place, the youngest child of England’s enterprise…an infant Hercules’.[i]  In under a century the town expanded from a tiny hamlet of only 25 inhabitants in 1801 to one exceeding 90,000 by 1901 and approaching 140,000 thirty years later, becoming one of the manufacturing centres of Britain and dubbed ‘Ironopolis’.   Such is Middlesbrough’s importance in Victorian urban

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